Elder Futhark Runes - Shapes, Meanings and Uses

Below is a table of the Elder FARTHARK runes. And further down the page you will find a legend of all the runes and their meanings in Divination, as well as uses in self transformation and Galdr work. This list is in no ways complete as the Runes are alive, and each Vitki or Volva uses them in personal ways in addition to the traditional meanings.

There are various arrangements of the runes, most notably are the the Elder and Younger FARTHARK. I mainly use the Elder FARTHARK when working with the runes.


Elder Futhark Rune Row

The runes are living energy, an ancient method of working with energy for both healing and magick. The runes follow a natural order of the seasons and growth, both of nature, and the human spirit. The runes reveal the actual process of the creation of the Universe, and all the qualities inherent in it. The emphasis is in the activities of the Spirit.

 The runes reveal the process of creation, the qualities inherent in Nature and within ourselves.

In runic shamanism, the runes are approached with Love and Harmony. In co-operating with the runes the overall intention is to bring harmony, balance and orderliness into a situation and to do no intentional harm, regardless of whether the runes are being consulted for oneself, or another.

The main purpose of "personal development" is the cultivation of your Spirit - your inner most self -  and the well being of the total individual.

Below is a table to help you in your meditations of the runes, and with your oracles. 

Can help you to
Divination Indicators
Fehu Fehu F
  • recognize your true wealth
  • evaluate the true value of things
  • find fulfillment in your endevours
  • bring things to completion satisfactorily
  • draw down the power of the Sun, Moon, and stars into your own personal universe
  • Culmination
  • Abundance
  • Success
  • Luck
  • Possessions
  • Finance
 Uruz Uruz U
  • begin a new project or endevour
  • find the courage to make a fresh start
  • feel rejuvenated
  • increase your resolve
  • be more assertive
  • To bring healing and vitality
  • Advancement,
  • New Conditions
  • Assertiveness
  • Perseverance
  • Endurance
  • Maintenance
  • Health
  • Physical Power
Thurisaz Thurisaz Th
  • fight against detrimental forces
  • clear away lethargy
  • strengthen your determination
  • break down 'barriers'
  • find both the unit and division within things
  • Strength
  • Drive
  • Assertion
  • Defense
  • Conflict
  • Breaking-up
  • Barriers to be cleared
Ansuz Ansuz A
  • obtain inspiration
  • discover your 'hidden' potentials
  • improve your communication skills
  • increase your intake of Chi
  • strengthen your mind
  • Mind power
  • Intellect
  • Verbal expression
  • Inspiration
  • Messages
  • Communication
  • Confidence
  • Wisdom
  • Opening
Raidho Raidho R
  • gain access to inner wisdom
  • come into attunement with your personal rhythms
  • extend your awareness
  • see things in their proper perspective
  • make balanced judgements
  • Control
  • Direction
  • Movement
  • Balance
  • Co-ordination
  • Reunion
  • Travel
  • Decision
Kenaz Kenaz K
  • express yourself creatively
  • see what needs to be transformed in your life
  • turn knowledge into wisdom
  • attain clarity of thought
  • generate enthusiasm
  • Discernment
  • Insight
  • Guidance
  • Learning
  • Knowledge
  • Truth
  • Opportunity
Gebo Gebo G
  • make more effective use of your time
  • receive more by giving more
  • bond personal relationships
  • turn wisdom into understanding
  • come into active partnership with your higher self
  • Give and take
  • Exchange
  • Sacrifice
  • Generosity
  • Love
  • Contracts
  • Time
Wunjo Wunjo W
  • attain a sense of well being
  • strengthen personal relationships
  • encourage good fellowship
  • build self esteem
  • heal rifts
  • Happiness
  • Pleasure
  • Enjoyment
  • Contentment
  • Satisfaction
  • Accomplishment
  • Success
Hagalaz Hagalaz H
  • banish unwanted influences
  • develop intuitiveness within a structured framework so it does not get out of control
  • clear the air
  • focus your intentions
  • prepare the way for desired changes in your life
  • External influences
  • Dramatic change
  • Liberation
  • Linking
Nauthiz Nauthiz N
  • cope with stress
  • succeed in a crisis
  • achieve the seemingly impossible
  • break through your limitations
  • develop perseverance
  • value endurance
  • Necessity
  • Needful
  • Needs
  • Constrain
  • Restriction
  • Caution
  • Arguments
  • Paradoxes
Isa Isa I
  • still your mind as an aid to meditation
  • concentrate
  • create a protective barrier to immobilize harmful intent from whatever quarter
  • strengthen your will
  • overcomes restlessness


  • Holding
  • Formation
  • Waiting
  • Fixation
  • Privacy
  • Coolness
  • Delay
  • 'Higher' Truth
Jera Jera Y
  • learn that patience brings rewards
  • nurture your creativity
  • know the secret of proper timing
  • come into harmony with the cycles of Nature
  • harmonize your body 'clock'
  • Gestation
  • Gradual change
  • Turning point
  • Commitment
  • Timing
  • Expectations
  • Plenty
Eihwaz Eihwaz EI
  • liberate yourself from unnecessary fear
  • develop within you the quality of endurance
  • connect with other levels of reality
  • avoid confusion
  • release your inner strengths
  • receive flashes of enlightenment
  • Motivation
  • Enterprise
  • Management
  • Mastery
  • Durability
  • Longevity
  • Perthro Perthro P
    • give birth to your hopes and dreams
    • hold on to what is essential to be retained
    • experience pleasure
    • be aware of your hidden potentials
    • Recollection
    • Receptiveness
    • Humour
    • Investment
    • Promotion
    Algiz / Elhaz Algiz_Elhaz Z
    • find the powers within you to meet any situation
    • ward off negative influences
    • connect with an inner drive to achieve more
    • keep your ideals and aspirations grounded
    • Protection
    • Guidance
    • Caring
    • Grounding
    • Continuance
    Sowilo Sowilo S
    • see things as they are
    • receive inner guidance to discern more clearly
    • boost your energy levels
    • attain that 'impossible' dream
    • connect with your Soul's purpose
    • Healing
    • Wholeness
    • Confidence
    • Restoration
    Tiwaz Tiwaz T
    • become more vigilant
    • strengthen your reliability
    • work more methodically
    • face difficulties with fortitude
    • develop greater trust in yourself
    • have courage to accept responsibility for your own choices and actions
    • perform deeds in an honourable way
    • allow your 'greater' Self to have more influence in your life
    • Courage
    • Leadership
    • Authority
    • Loyalty
    • Trust
    • Success
    • Justice
    Berkano Berkano B
    • effect closer relations
    • nurture what it is you want to bring forth in your life
    • conserve your energies
    • come through a crisis safely
    • let go of what may be blocking your progress
    • Close relationships
    • Family
    • Partnerships
    • Nurturing
    • Renewal
    • Growth
    • Fertility
    • Fruition
    Ehwaz Ehwaz E
    • find more fruitful ways of achieving what you set out to do
    • attain a more harmonious relationship with your partner
    • impart trust and loyalty
    • become more balanced in your ways
    • Co-operation
    • Adaptability
    • Progress
    • Transportation
    • Increase
    Mannaz Mannaz M
    • become more fully integrated within yourself
    • sharpen your intellect
    • activate your intuitive senses
    • adopt a more co-operative attitude towards Nature and others
    • strengthen family relationships
    • Attitudes
    • Compatibility
    • Individuality
    • Understanding
    • People
    • Family
    Laguz Laguz L
    • become more adaptable
    • actualize your potentials
    • identify your true potentials
    • identify your true feelings
    • come into harmony with the ebb and flow of energy streams of life
    • increase your healing powers
    • Emotions
    • Feelings
    • Love
    • Affections
    • Intuition
    • Flexibility
    Ingwaz Ingwaz NG
    • strengthen your faith
    • renew your hope for the future
    • open up new areas of self-realization
    • access 'higher' powers
    • Well being
    • Fulfillment
    • Integration
    • Realization
    • Anticipation
    Dagaz Dagaz D
    • realize your true Reality
    • get in touch with your Spirit
    • recognize your connections with all things
    • become a good 'finisher' as well a a keen starter
    • Transformation
    • Break-through
    • Security
    • Initiation
    • Certainty
    • Day
    • Meditation
    Othala Othala O
    • develop the abilities you have
    • connect with past lives
    • feel more secure
    • Property
    • Social life
    • Heritage
    • Establishment
    • Home